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Miles Davis (May 26, 1926 - September 28, 1991) was born in Alton, Illinois and raised in East St. Louis, Illinois. He was a jazz musician, composer, bandleader, flugelhornist, and trumpeter who was undeniably one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century. He helped to preside over several eras in jazz, including bebop, cool jazz, modal jazz, and jazz fusion. Among those who claim he influenced him are Cannonball Adderly, John Coltrane, Herbie Hancock, and Branford Marsalis. He suffered from sickle cell anemia, ulcers, depression and alcoholism, and he died from the effects of a stroke and respiratory failure.

 

 

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