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Originally named Artesia Junction, the town of Artesia was a junction point on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, joining a spur line to Columbus with the main line west of Artesia. The M&O Railroad built a hotel there, which became known as the Chidsey House, for the man who managed it. After about twenty-five years of operation, it burned and was not rebuilt. The town that grew up around this junction became known as Artesia Junction, for a cluster of artesian wells that were in the area, and its name was later shortened to Artesia. The town of Mayhew is north of Artesia, Perins is south, and Sessums, is west. The larger cities of Columbus is about twenty miles to the northeast, and Starkville is about fifteen miles to the northwest.

 

 

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