Aviva Directory » Local & Global » North America » United States » States » Mississippi » Cities & Towns » Biloxi

Named for the Native American tribe that inhabited the area when the French arrived in the late 17th century. The capital of French Louisiana was in Biloxi from 1720 to 1723, when it was moved to New Orleans. Biloxi became part of the Republic of West Florida in 1810, and part of Mississippi when it became a U.S. state in 1817. When Mississippi ceded from the United States in 1861, Biloxi became part of the Confederate States of America. However, the city surrendered to Union Naval Forces on December 31, 1861, and was occupied by the Union for the remainder of the war. Like most of the South, Biloxi came on hard times during the period immediately following the war, but its fate improved in 1872 when the L&N Railroad established a flag stop in Biloxi, which was followed by several canneries and other industries. Biloxi also grew in its importance as a vacation destination, particularly after legal gambling was introduced in the 1990s. Biloxi is located on the north shore of the Mississippi Sound, east of Gulfport.

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