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Pascagoula, Mississippi is the county seat of Jackson County, and a Mississippi Gulf Coast industrial center. It is situated along the Mississippi Sound, at the mouth of the Pascagoula River, on both sides of the river. Moss Point is just north of Pascagoula, while Gautier is to the west, but separated from the city by Big Lake. Other nearby communities include Escatawpa, Gulf Park Estates, Hickory Hills, Missala, and Orange Grove. Biloxi, Mississippi is about thirty-five miles to the west, while Mobile, Alabama is forty miles to the northeast. Named for a group of Native American people who lived in villages along the Pascagoula River, the first European-American settlers of the area were Jean Baptiste Baudreau Dit Graveline, Joseph Simon De La Pointe, and his aunt, Madame Chaumont, who came in the 1700s. The region changed hands over the next century, passing from the French to the English, French again, then to the Spanish until well after the Revolutionary War, when it was added to the Mississippi Territory in 1812, as a United States possession. At one point, it was briefly part of the Republic of West Florida. Pascagoula was incorporated as a village in 1892, and became a city in 1901. The downtown region of Pascagoula was once known as Scranton, which was incorporated in 1870, until the two towns merged in 1912. Over the years, Pascagoula has been home to several notable people, including the pirate, Jean Lafitte, the Copeland Gang, Andrew Jackson, Zachary Taylor, Confederate General David Twiggs, Union Admiral David Farragut, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and William Faulkner, who wrote his novel, Mosquitos, while living in Pascagoula.

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