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Lebanon is the county seat of Laclede County, Missouri. Situated on a long-time transportationi route, the road leading through what is now Lebanon was originally an Indian trail used by the Wyota and Osage, but during the Civil War it became the Wire Road, because telegraph lines were installed along it, connecting St. Louis and Springfield. In the late 1920s, Route 66 followed generally the same path, passing through the south side of Lebanon, and today Interstate Highway 44 follows roughly the same road. Lebanon was founded on the site of an Indian village known as Wyota in 1849, when Laclede County was organized, and incorporated as a city in 1877. During the Civil War, Lebanon was occupied by Union troops who were charged with protecting the telegraph line, although the local population was sharply divided in their sympathies. In 1868, the Frisco Railroad built a station about a mile from the main part of town because the city refused to donate land to them, after which the focus of the city’s business community relocated to be nearer to the railroad. Lebanon is northeast of Phillipsburg.

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