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The city of Saint Charles is the county seat of St. Charles County, and the ninth-largest city in Missouri. The city was founded in 1769 as Les Petites Côtes by Louis Blanchette, a French-Canadian fur trader during the time when Spain claimed ownership of the area. When a Catholic Church was built there in 1791, and named for the Spanish saint, San Carlos Borromeo, the town became known as San Carlos del Musuri, which translates to Saint Charles of the Missouri, and was the origins of the name that the city holds today. Daniel Boone moved with his family to St. Charles in 1799, where he was appointed commandant of the Femme Osage district by the Spanish government. Boone spent his final years in Missouri. Saint Charles was the last settled town that the Lewis and Clark Expedition stopped at in 1804, as it explored the western territory following the Louisiana Purchase. The third oldest city in Missouri, and it served as the first Missouri capital from 1821 until Jefferson City was ready in 1826. Over the years, St. Charles has been home to several major league baseball players, including Lou Brock, Mark Buehrie, Jim Pendleton, and Jacob Turner. St. Charles is located along the Missouri River, southeast of St. Peters and northwest of Bridgeton.

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