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The city of Forsyth is the county seat of Rosebud County, Montana. Prior to its settlement, the area was explored by fur trappers and traders, particularly looking for beaver pelts, and the William Clark’s company passed the area in July of 1806, as part of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, passing Rosebud Creek on his way down the Yellowstone River. Fort Van Buren was erected at the juncture of Rosebud Creek and the Yellowstone River by the American Fur Company in 1835, but abandoned in 1843. Buffalo hunters came in the 1860s and 1870s, shipping buffalo pelts out by river boat. In fact, the large taking of buffalo during this period led to several years of confrontations between European American and the Sioux and Cheyenne people, culminating in the Battle of the Rosebud on June 17, 1876, and the Battle of the Little Bighorn eight days later. Lt. Colonel Custer camped along the banks of Rosebud Creek on his way to his defeat at Little Bighorn. Forsyth was founded as a steamboat landing on the Yellowstone River in 1876, initially to support U.S. Army operations during the Indian wars. In 1882, the Northern Pacific Railways constructed four buildings in Forsyth. Today, the city is served primarily by I-94 and Highway 12. It is west of Rosebud and east of Hysham and Custer.

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