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Named for Sidney Dillon, a railroad attorney, the city of Sidney, Nebraska was founded by the Union Pacific Railroad in 1867, and its settlement sprung up around Fort Sidney, also known as Sidney Barracks, where soldiers were assigned to guard the railroad from Indian attacks. Sidney is the seat of Cheyenne County government. Sidney is concentrated at the junction of US 385 and I-80, just north of the Colorado border, and midway between Cheyenne, Wyoming and North Platte, Nebraska. Sidney is home to one of the Old West’s Boot Hill cemeteries, and Luke Short, and Old West gunfighter and friend of Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp, was a resident of Sidney. During its boomtown years, Sidney was a mixture of settlers, freighters, cowboys, and soldiers.

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