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The New Hampshire town of Hillsborough, often spelled Hillsboro, is in Hillsborough County. The main settlement area of the town is located in the center area, along the Contoocook River at the junction of NH Route 149 with Henniker Street and Main Street. Other villages within the town include Hillsborough Center, Hillsborough Upper Village, Hillsborough Lower Village, and Emerald Lake Village. The town was granted in 1735, by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher, as Number Seven, one in a line of nine Massachusetts towns that were set up as defense barriers against Indian attacks. The towns were renamed after the border between New Hampshire and Massachusetts was fixed, placing the towns in New Hampshire. Settled in 1741, the town was re-granted by Governor Benning Wentworth as Hillsborough in 1748. Hillsborough was the birthplace of Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the United States, and the only president from New Hampshire. The Pierce homestead was built by his father, Benjamin Pierce, a Revolutionary War general and twice governor of New Hampshire. Benjamin Pierce Cheney, the founder of American Express, was born in Hillsborough.

 

 

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