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The City of Lebanon is located in Grafton County, in western New Hampshire, south of Hanover, and near the Connecticut River. Lebanon was chartered as a town by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth in 1761, one of sixteen along the Connecticut River, and named for the town by that name in Connecticut, where many of its early settlers had come from; among these was Eleazar Wheelock, who arrived in 1770, and founded Dartmouth College. Lebanon was the home of Moor’s Indian Charity School, which was the antecedent of Dartmouth College. Up until the 1950s and 1960s, the town’s economy was based on the several mills that were operated along the river. Its mill district, and its railroad, declined in the 1950s and 1960s. Nevertheless, Lebanon was reincorporated as a city in 1958, in part to prevent West Lebanon from separating to become an independent municipality. West Lebanon did not separate, and is an unincorporated community within the City of Lebanon.

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