Aviva Directory » Local & Global » North America » United States » States » New Hampshire » Cities & Towns » Portsmouth

The city of Portsmouth, New Hampshire is in Rockingham County. The area that was to become Portsmouth was explored by Martin Pring in 1603, and the west bank of the Piscataqua River was settled by the English in 1630 and named Strawbery Banke, after the strawberries that grew there. The village was fortified by Fort William and Mary and, due to its strategic location, a port grew up there to facilitate trade between upstream industries and mercantile interests abroad, with fishing, lumber and shipbuilding being the area’s chief industries. Portsmouth was part of the Triangle Trade, which profited greatly from the slave trade. The town was incorporated in 1653, and named for Portsmouth, England. Portsmouth became the colonial capital in 1679. In 1774, Paul Revere rode into Portsmouth to warn that the British were coming, as its warships were poised to subdue the port. Portsmouth was incorporated as a city in 1849. Portsmouth is situated across the Piscataqua River from Kittery, Maine.

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