Aviva Directory » Computers & Internet » Systems & Hardware » Computer Systems » Vintage Computers » Commodore Computers

Introduced in 1982, and on the market until 1994, the Commodore 64 was the highest-selling single computer model of all time, but the C64 wasn't the only computer produced by Commodore International or its affiliate, Commodore Business Machines.

Its first computer was the Commodore Kim-1, which was actually developed by MOS Technology in 1976, but MOS Technology later became Commodore Semiconductor Group. Intended for engineers, it quickly gained popularity with hobbyists, particularly given that it could be purchased as a kit for less than $250.

In 1977, Commodore International released the Commodore PET, which combined a microprocessor based on the Kim-1, Commodore BASIC in ROM, a keyboard, monitor, and a cassette deck for storage. The PET failed to get traction due to production problems that let a delivery date behind the TRS-80 and the Apple II. However, the PET formed the basis for its entire 8-bit product line, which included the Commodore 64.

Released in 1981, the Commodore VIC-20 was the first computer of any kind to sell a million units, and was one of the first general-purpose computers, designed to compete with the Apple II.

Released in 1981 and discontinued in 1984, the Commodore CBM-II was a short-lived series of 8-bit PCs from Commodore Business Machines. It was available in two series, the P series for personal computer usage and the B series for business use. However, due to the popularity of the C64, the P series was canceled in the United States even before it was officially released.

Also known as Ultimax, the Commodore MAX Machine was designed and marketed by Commodore International in Japan in 1982 and was rarely sold outside of Japan.

Also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, the Commodore 64 was an 8-bit PC that was distributed from 1982 to 1994, and still popular among collectors and hobbyists. The C64 dominated the low-end market throughout most of the 1980s, claiming forty percent of the US market, outselling IBM-compatibles, Apple computers, and the Atari family of computers. Much of its success is credited to its availability in regular retail stores rather than strictly in electronics or computer stores. Although the C64 has been off the market for more than twenty-five years, it still enjoys a high degree of brand recognition.

Also known as PET 64 and Model 4064, the Commodore Educator 64 was distributed to schools by Commodore Business Machines as a replacement for the aging PET systems.

The Commodore SX-64 (Executive 64) was a portable version of the C64. Although not a laptop, it featured a built-in five-inch composite monitor and floppy drive, and included a sturdy handle. Released in 1984, it was discontinued in 1986.

The Commodore 16 was designed to be an entry-level computer, replacing the VIC-20, and a low-end member of the Plus/4 family. Although it failed in the US market, it enjoyed some popularity in Mexico and Europe. The Commodore Plus/4 was released in 1984 and included a ROM-resident office suite of a word processor, spreadsheet, database, and graphing. Incompatible with the C64, it was a failure in the US market. The Commodore LCD was an LCD-equipped laptop that was introduced in 1985 but never released. The Commodore 128 was the last 8-bit PC released by Commodore Business Machines. It was produced from 1985 to 1989 and intended as a successor to the C64.

Created in 1990, the Commodore 65 never progressed beyond the prototype stage.

Produced by Commodore International, the Amiga series ran from 1985 to 1996, and included the Amiga 1000, 500, 2000, 2500, 1500, CDTV, 3000, 4000, 600, and 1200. The best-known model was the Amiga 500, which was one of the leading home computers in the late 1980s and early 1990s, selling about five million units. A combination of poor marketing and a failure to keep up with the technological advances of its earlier versions resulted in a loss of market share to the Apple Macintosh and the wide variety of inexpensive IBM-compatible PCs.

Commodore filed for bankruptcy in 1994, after which Escom continued production of the Commodore Amiga 1200 until 1996.

Between 1987 and 1993, Commodore Business Machines produced a line of low-end Commodore PC compatibles, which included the Commodore Colt, PC1, PC10, PC20, PC30, and PC40.

The focus of this category is on the Commodore computer product line. The resources listed here may include informational sites, historical computer sites for any or all of the Commodore line, user and collector groups, and other sites whose chief content is the Commodore computer line.

 

 

Recommended Resources


Search for Commodore Computers on Google, Bing, or Yahoo!