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The Ministry of Education and Human Resources administers and regulates the public schools in the Republic of Mauritius, and also serves in a supervisory role in the operation of private schools in the country, while higher education is undertaken by the Ministry of Tertiary Education, Science, Research and Technology, and vocational education is regulated by the Mauritius Qualification Authority.

Upon achieving independence in 1968, education became a priority of the new government, which invested heavily in the education sectors. Primary and secondary education has been free in Mauritania since 1976, and through the post-secondary level since 1988. Despite tight budgets, the government has managed to continuously improve the country's schools and to extend access to an education for its people, even to providing a subsidy for private religious schools, largely those operated by the Catholic Church.

The educational system in Mauritius is based on the British system, stemming from the country's previous status as a British colony. There are four sections to its educational system: pre-primary, primary, secondary, and tertiary, as well as a provision for vocational training and alternative education program for drop-outs.

Pre-primary schools are generally operated by private or religious schools, and serve children as young as three. From the ages of five to eleven, children attend primary school, which is concluded with a national examination leading to the Certificate of Primary Education. Those who pass may proceed to secondary school, while those who score highly may be admitted directly to a National secondary school. Otherwise, secondary education is a seven-year program, with a National assessment given in the third year. After Form IV, secondary students are streamlined into the subjects they choose. Upon conclusion of the fifth year of secondary school, students take the Cambridge School Certificate examination which, if passed, will entitle the student to continue for another two years, to achieve the Higher School Certificate.

English and French are compulsory, and students are also given the option of learning any of the several other languages in use in Mauritius, which may include Arabic, Bhojpuri, Hindi, Mandarin, Marathi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. Italian or Spanish may also be taught. Mauritian Creole is introduced in primary school.

Pre-primary school is compulsory for 3-5 year-old students, with no prerequisite. Primary school (age 5-11) is compulsory, with Pre-Primary completion as a prerequisite. Lower Secondary school (age 12-16) requires a Certificate of Primary Education and is also compulsory. Upper Secondary (17-20) is optional and requires a Form III Certificate for School Certificate and a School Certificate for Higher School Certificate. Tertiary school is an optional program for students 18 years old or older, requires a Higher School Certificate, and may lead to a Bachelor's, Master's, PhD. or other academic degrees.

A vocational stream is available for those who wish to achieve career or technical qualifications, or who are unable to qualify to continue along an academic stream, and may lead to three levels of National Trade Certificates or to post-secondary qualifications.

The Republic of Mauritius has a literacy rate approaching ninety percent, only slightly higher among men than among women. More than twelve percent of the government's expenditures are on education.

Due to the competitiveness of the educational system, students whose parents could afford to do so have hired private tutors to assist their children after school hours and on weekends. In response to what was viewed by some as an unfair advantage, the government banned private tuitions for primary students in Standards I to III, and later extended the ban to Standard IV, introducing a enhancement program as an alternative to private tuitions.

Mauritius has several colleges, universities, and technical institutions at the higher levels. Notable are the Open University of Mauritius, the University of Mauritius, and the University of Technology, Mauritius. Others include the Mauritius Institute of Education, the Mahatma Gandhi Institute, the Mauritius College of the Air, and several foreign educational institutions with branch colleges in Mauritius.

Topics that are related in any way to teaching, learning, or education in Mauritius are appropriate for this category. These may include site representing specific schools in Mauritius or those discussing the status of education within the country.



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