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Topics related to the news or media in Nigeria are the focus of topics listed in this category. These may include online or print newspapers, tabloids, or magazines, as well as radio stations or radio programs, television stations, or other media, as well as websites whose focus is a discussion of the media in Nigeria. Sites representing media published or broadcast outside of Nigeria are appropriate if their focus is on Nigeria, as is any media located in Nigeria, regardless of topic.

As compared to most other African countries, Nigeria has long had an independent and active press. Its press has also long been a target of its government. In particular, Nigeria’s past military dictatorships have harassed, jailed, tortured, killed, or exiled journalists, including a Nigerian television producer who was executed for treason in 1995, an act that led to international sanctions and Nigeria’s explosion from the Commonwealth of Nations. Nigeria’s civilian governments have also been at odds with its media, both officially and through unsanctioned acts against newspeople by religious authorities within the country.

Still, the news media in Nigeria is relatively open and free. Certainly, there is no shortage of newspapers in the country. There are four nationally distributed newspapers, and each city has local papers, including at least fifteen in Lagos alone. Most Nigerian newspapers are published in English, but there are papers in local languages, as well.

Some of Nigeria’s newspapers serve as public bulletin boards, where paid articles, letters, and opinion pieces are published alongside legitimate news articles. Some Nigerian newspapers operate as service providers rather than as independent investigators. The quality of journalism in Nigeria may also be affected by low pay and close relationships between publishers, politicians, and businesspeople. Corruption may also come into play. Nevertheless, Nigeria has several newspapers that are comparable to those published in any other country, and some of them do so in less comfortable climates.

Several magazines are also in circulation in Nigeria, some of which cater to various special interest clients. With low subscription rates, many newspapers and magazines struggle to survive. This too, occurs in Western countries as well.

Some of Nigeria’s print newspapers and magazines have electronic versions online, while many others are online only. These may include news aggregators and online publications whose focus is on opinion rather than breaking news reports.

Many people in Nigeria get their news from transistor radios, which are as common there as they were in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. There are radio stations in every Nigerian state, and there are radio stations broadcasting in various ethnic languages. While some of the country’s states have only one or two radio stations, Lagos alone has more than twenty stations. Additionally, there are two radio stations owned by the Nigerian government.

Programming is regulated by the Nigerian Broadcasting Commission, which reports directly to the President of Nigeria. For this reason, radio stations and program hosts in Nigeria are apt to be careful about taking political positions. Rather than stating an opinion, hosts of call-in shows will initiate a discussion and have callers give their opinions, but without voicing their own. Religious programming is not permitted in Nigeria, although some stations get around this prohibition by labeling its content as “inspirational programming.”

There are five major television broadcasters in Nigeria, including one station that is owned by the Nigerian government. There were one several others, but many of the country’s smaller stations have gone out of business after the government required stations to switch from analog to digital technology. Television stations in Nigeria air programming from all over the world, as well as Nigerian content in many languages, including local news programs, reality television shows, soap operas, and movies. Satellite television is available, including a few satellite companies that offer foreign-language content.

From the volume of news and media outlets available in Nigeria, it is clear that Nigerians have an interest in knowing what is going on in their country, as well as the means of obtaining this information.



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