Aviva Directory » Local & Global » Asia » India » News & Media Outlets

The point of this category is to list topics related to media and news outlets in India, such as Indian newspapers or magazines, radio or television broadcasting, web-based news site, or other types of media. Sites dealing with the media, in general, are also appropriate.

India has enjoyed an independent media throughout most of its history, a notable exception being the period between 1975 and 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency after she was convicted of corruption charges.

Most of the media in India is family owned and, due to political ties that the owners have established over the years, they may engage in self-censorship. In recent years, however, corporate-owned media have been added to the mix, and these tend to operate on a more professional level.

The first newspaper published in India was established in 1780 by an Irishman during the British era. By 1800, there were four others. India's first newspapers published news from the areas of India that were under British rule. The first Indian newspaper was the Bombay Samachar, printed in Gujarati. Founded in 1822, it is the oldest Asian newspaper still in print. Other newspaper published in native Indian languages soon followed. More than 70,000 newspapers are in print in India today, including about 250 English-language dailies.

Popular newspapers printed in Hindi include Patrika, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan, Dainik Bhaskar, Rajasthan Patrika, Amar Ujala, Prabhat Khabar, Navbharat Times, Hari Bhoomi, and Punjab Kesari. Popular English-language dailies published in India are the Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Mumbai Mirror, The Telegraph, The Economic Times, Mid Day, The Tribune, Deccan Herald, and Deccan Chronicle.

India also has a wide magazine readership, some of which are published in both Hindi and English. Indian magazines published in Hindi include Pratiyogita Darpan, India Today, Saras Salil, Samanya Gyan Darpan, Grihshobha, Jagran Josh Plus, Cricket Samrat, Diamond Cricket Today, Meri Saheli, and Sarita, while popular English-language magazines include India Today, Pratiyogita Darpan, General Knowledge Today, The Sportstar, Competition Success Review, Outlook, Reader's Digest, Filmfare, Diamond Cricket Today, and Femina.

The first radio station in India began in 1927, and the state took over operations in 1930. Television began in 1959, airing for only a part of each day, and was full-time by 1965, owned and operated by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. In the early 1990s, satellite television channels from around the world were broadcasting into India, and from India. In 2006, the Indian government approved the organization of community-based FM broadcasting stations operated by agricultural centers, schools, and social organizations. India has more than a thousand television stations today.

Internet use is high in India. By percentage of the population, about 30% of Indians have regular Internet access, but the total number of Indians with access is exceeded only by China. Several of India's newspapers and television stations have an Internet presence, and there are also several online-only news outlets carrying news from India.

Print media published outside of India, as well as broadcast media based in countries other than India, are appropriate for this category if their primary focus is on news from or about India.



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