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The media of Nepal includes radio and television broadcasting, newspapers, magazines, and online news outlets, either of which are appropriate topics for this category.

Historically, the most common form of media in Nepal has been radio broadcasting. Since 1951, Radio Nepal has been the only domestic radio broadcaster in Nepal since 1951, and it currently broadcasts in short-wave, medium-wave, and FM frequencies. Private radio broadcasters can lease the FM channel.

Television broadcasting in Nepal began in 1985, and Nepali TV broadcasters include Nepal Television, a government station with two channels, as well as private broadcasters, which include Nepal One, Shangri-La, and Space Time Network, although content restrictions are placed on private broadcasters by the government of Nepal. Foreign programs can be accessed by satellite or cable.

Including the government-operated Nepal Television and NTV Plus, there are sixteen television broadcasters in Nepal, the majority of them broadcasting in Nepali.

Nepal has nearly four thousand newspapers, approximately two hundred and fifty of them daily publications. Gorkhapatra (Gorkha Journal), a government-owned newspaper, has the highest circulation. English-language newspapers include The Kathmandu Post, The Himalayan Times, and My Republica. There are also about three hundred magazines, periodicals, and other print media in Nepal.

With slightly more than half of the Nepali people enjoying Internet access, the number of Internet-based news media has increased in recent years, which also include online news portals targeting the Nepali diaspora. Additionally, some of Nepal's print media publish their content online, as well.

The constitution of Nepal guarantees freedom of expression as a basic right of citizens, and any form of censorship is outlawed. However, the government of Nepal has a long history of censorship. In 2001 and 2002, the press was heavily censored by the king, although he had made promises to the contrary. Nevertheless, during this time hundreds of journalists were arrested, beaten, and even killed.

Today, the Nepali government is no longer under the authority of a king, and conditions have improved. However, publications that include political thoughts or opinions are censored by the government to one degree or another. Self-censorship is also practiced by journalists hoping to avoid confrontations with authorities.

 

 

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