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The port city of Kingston upon Hull is generally called simply “Hull”. It is located at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary.

It was founded as the town of Wyke on Hull in the late 12th century by Meaux Abbey monks, who used it as the place from which they could export their wool. The town quickly grew to be a market town, trading centre, military supply, and fishing and whaling port. Originally part of a somewhat remote part of the hamlet of Myton, which is in Wyke. In 1299, the town was renamed Kings-town upon Hull.

William Wilberforce, a British philanthropist and politician came to be known as an abolitionist and became the leader of a movement to abolish the slave trade entirely, was born in Kingston upon Hull in 1759.

He became a Member of Parliament in 1784 and an evangelical Christian in 1785. The latter brought about a change in his lifestyle and principles as he came to believe that slavery was wrong. He dedicated his life after that to reform, particularly with the death of human slavery.

Wilberforce spent more than twenty years trying to pass a law to obtain that goal, and the British Slave Act of 1807 became law. That law, while it was crucial, did not make slavery illegal. It made it illegal for a ship captain to transport people to a place where they would be enslaved. The fine for these captains was up to 100 pounds per slave found onboard his ship.

Wilberforce died in 1833, three days after he got the news that the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833, which once and for all abolished slavery in the British Empire, was assured to become law.

He also founded the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

Beginning in the summer of 1940, the German Luftwaffe conducted bombing campaigns which were specifically targeted Hull. In all, between 19 June 1940 and the end of the war in 1945, approximately 1,200 souls were lost in Hull due to bombing. Additionally, 38,000 children were evacuated to parts of the country.

The city was rebuilt after the War, and prosperity marched right into the city with an economic boom in the early 21st Century, prior to the 2007-2008 recession with the influx of new commercial and retail construction as well as new housing.



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