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The city and metropolitan borough of Salford is situated in the west-central Greater Manchester on the western bank of the River Irwell. Salford was settled around 1360 by Flemish weavers, and it became a primary of English textile. Engineering and coal mining were also major contributors to the local economy. Salford became an important commercial port in 1894 with the opening of the Manchester Ship Canal, as Salford had the biggest docks along the Manchester Ship Canal.

Landmarks in the city of Salford are many, and they include the Cathedral Church of St John the Evangelist, which is commonly called simply Salford Cathedral. It is a Catholic cathedral which is the seat of the Bishop of Salford as well as the mother church of the Diocese of Salford. The cathedral was constructed from 1844 to 1848. It is the first cruciform, which is to say it is built in the shape of a cross, to be built in England since the Reformation.

St. Philip’s Church, an Anglican parish church in the Diocese of Manchester, is situated at Wilton Place, just off of Capel Street, in Salford. Sir Robert Smirke was the architect of the church which he later used for the design of St. Mary’s Church. It was built between 1822 and 1824 and consecrated in the name of St. Philip the Apostle on 21 September 1825.



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