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Biwabik is a city and a township in Saint Louis County, which is in northeastern Minnesota. At one time, Daniel R. Curtin, who was in the lumber and mining business, owned the property that was to become Biwabik. It was in Biwabik Township that the second merchantable blue ore of the Mesabi range was discovered, resulting in a flurry of mining exploration. The first incorporated place within the township was Merritt, which is no longer in existence. McKinley and Biwabik were incorporated later the same year, which was 1892. Biwabik gained in importance when the railway station was established near the Biwabik mine, rather than at Merritt. Biwabik was also a stopping place on the trail from Mesaba to Mountain Iron, which was used for hauling supplies to the lumber camps that were operating in the area, as there was a good spring there. During the rush of mining activity, there were as many as thirteen hotels in Biwabik, and stores selling camping and building supplies. The city of Biwabik is in the northeastern part of Biwabik Township, but both operate as separate entities. Topics related to either the city or the township are appropriate for this category. The Pike River flows through the northwestern part of the township, while the Saint Louis River flows through the southeastern corner. Minnesota Highway 135 and County Road 4 (Vermilion Trail) are the main routes through the township, but others include County Road 20 (Heritage Trail) and County Road 97. Nearby communities include Aurora and Hoyt Lakes to the east, McKinley, Gilbert and Eveleth to the southwest, Virginia to the west, and Embarrass to the northeast. Portions of Superior National Forest are north, northeast, east, and southeast of the city and township.



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