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Greenbush is in Roseau County, Minnesota. Not to be confused with Greenbush Township, in Mile Lacs County, the City of Greenbush is in northern Minnesota. Nearby communities include Badger, Haug, Leo, and Pelan. Grand Forks, North Dakota is about eighty-five miles southwest of Greenbush, and the Canadian border is about eighty miles north. The first white settlers arrived in the area in the 1880s, with a larger number coming in the early 1890s, most of them seeking 180 acres of land under the Homestead Act. The original townsite was on a ridge of what was used to be the shores of Lake Agassiz, a large glacial lake that was once larger than all of the Great Lakes combined. Now known as Old Greenbush, this early village is located along Highway 11. In 1904, the Great Northern Railroad extended its tracks to the area of the current town center, prompting merchants to move their buildings to the new site, then known as West Greenbush. A few years later, the rail line to Warroad was extended through the old town site. Greenbush was incorporated as a city in 1905. From a peak population of 817 in 1980, the population of Greenbush has decreased each census year, although its population is still higher than it was in 1960.



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