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Heidelberg is a small town in Jasper County, Mississippi. The area surrounding Heidelberg is rich in oil and gas reserves, with Jasper County being the highest oil producer in the state. The area that was to become Heidelberg was taken from Choctaw lands in 1833, after the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. The town was named for the Heidelberg family, of German ancestry, who came to Mississippi from North Carolina. Washington Irving Heidelberg, son of Samuel Christian Heidelberg, founded the town on land that he had purchased previously, after serving in the American Civil War. He opened a general store in the town, and laid out a part of his land for a town in 1882, giving a right-of-way to the New Orleans & Northeastern Railroad. He also built a cotton gin and grist mill, and opened a camp house for travelers. The town was incorporated in 1884. Surrounding communities include Acme, Bonner, Goodwater, Haney, Harmony, Markwald, Nancy, Paulding, Sharon, Stafford Springs, Vernon, and Vossburg. Meridian, Mississippi is about forty-two miles northeast of Heidelberg.



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