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New Bloomfield, in Callaway County, Missouri, began as a station on the Chicago and Alton Railroad. Prior to that time, there was a post office there, named Round Prairie, although it is not clear whether the surrounding town was ever known by that name. Laid out in 1836, the current town was initially named Bloomfield, but when it was learned that there was another post office in Missouri by that name, its name was changed to New Bloomfield. New Bloomfield later merged with the town of Ellerslie. The railroad was abandoned and its track removed in the early 1930s, the depot moved to the east end of town where it was used as a duplex, and the railroad right of way was used for a city park. Today, New Bloomfield is accessed by US Highway 54, which runs through the east side of town, and by Missouri Route J, which passes through the north part of town. Portions of the Mark Twain National Forest are west, northwest, north, and northeast of New Bloomfield. Holts Summit is southwest, Guthrie is northwest, Carrington is north, and Dixie is east of New Bloomfield.



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