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Located in southwestern Montana, Bozeman is the county seat of Gallatin County, and the fourth largest city in the state. Bozeman is named for John M. Bozeman, who established the Bozeman Trail and was the principle founder of the city, which was incorporated as a town in 1883, and a city in 1922. William Clark, of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, went through the area in 1806, camping three miles east of the town’s location. John Bozeman and John Jacobs opened the Bozeman Trail, a northern trail off of the Oregon Trail, in 1863. The trail led to Virginia City, passing through the area where the city of Bozeman would be platted the following year. Red Cloud’s War closed the Bozeman Trail in 1868, but town continued to attract permanent settlers. Henry Comstock, one of the discoverers of the Comstock Lode, committed suicide in Bozeman on September 29, 1870. The entrepreneur, Ted Turner, owns a ranch in Bozeman, and the actor, Gary Cooper, attended Gallatin Valley High School in Bozeman. Bozeman is west of Livingston and southeast of Belgrade and Manhattan.


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