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The town of Poplar, Montana is in Roosevelt County. The town is the headquarters of the Fort Peck Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation in northeastern Montana, near the state’s borders with North Dakota and Saskatchewan, Canada. Poplar is situated in the southern part of the reservation, east of Chelsea and west of Sprole, along US Highway 2. The Fort Peck Reservation is home to two separate Indian nations, the Assiniboine and the Sioux, each made up of several bands and divisions. When attempts by the U.S. government to take the Black Hills resulted in warfare and battles in the Rosebud country, ending in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Sitting Bull led his followers north into the Red Water country; then, when military pressure increased, he crossed the border into Canada in 1877. Camp Poplar River, located at the Fort Peck Indian Agency, was established in 1880, and Sitting Bull came in to surrender at Fort Buford in 1881. Some of his band intermarried with others at Fort Peck, and remained in the Chelsea community. In 1907, portions of the reservation were opened up for homesteading and town sites. Poplar was incorporated under Sheridan County in early 1917, becoming part of Roosevelt County when that county was created in 1919.



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