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Officially named the City of Las Vegas, but often known as simply Vegas, Las Vegas has the largest population of any city in Nevada, and is the county seat of Clark County. Known for casino gambling, Vegas is also a center for shopping, dining, nightlife, and cultural activities. Las Vegas was established in 1905, and incorporated as a city in 1911, although the earliest people to have entered the area were probably Paleo-Indians, who were in the area ten thousand years ago, and followed by the Anasazi and Pauite tribes about two thousand years ago. As early as 1829, the area was known as Las Vegas by Spanish travelers along the Spanish Trail to Los Angeles, California. John C. Fremont, whose writings about the area helped to lure pioneers to the area, arrived in 1844, and members of the LDS Church built a fort in Las Vegas eleven years later. Gambling was legalized there in 1931, after which its early casinos were operated largely by organized crime figures like Bugsy Seigel and Meyer Lansky. The mob was run out of town in the 1960s, and international companies now operate most of the city’s casinos and hotels. Nearby communities include Boulder City, Enterprise, Henderson, North Las Vegas, Paradise, Spring Valley, Summerlin, and Sunrise Manor.


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