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The area of Boscawen, in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, was known as Contoocook by the native Pennacook tribe. The land was granted to John Coffin and ninety others in 1733, and it was settled in 1734. Contoocook Plantation was incorporated as a town by Governor Benning Wentworth, at which time it was renamed for Edward Boscawen, a British admiral. The town is bounded by the Merrimack and Contoocook rivers, which supplied water power for several mills, including a cotton mill, a woolen factory, nine sawmills, a gristmill, a machine shop, and other factories. Daniel Webster, a U.S. congressman, senator, Secretary of State, and unsuccessful presidential candidate, once resided in Boscawen.



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