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What is now Greenland was one of the earliest settlements in New Hampshire, although it was then a parish of Portsmouth, then called Strawbery Banke, operating in 1638. In 1640, Captain Francis Champernowne moved from Strawbery Banke to settle in the area where the Portsmouth Country Club. Originally called Canary, he later referred to his farm as Greenland, which included massive holdings. Residents of the land were allowed to separate from Portsmouth, and form as separate parish, in 1706, which was incorporated as a town in 1721. Greenland would later annex parts of Stratham. Located in Rockingham County, Greenland was the home of Oney Judge, a fugitive slave from the household of George Washington. Greenland is situated on the southeastern bank of Great Bay, southwest of Portland, and east of Stratham Station.



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