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Located in Hillsborough County, along both banks of the Merrimack River, Manchester is the largest city in New Hampshire. The Pennacook Indians knew the place as Namoskeag, while the first white settlement there, known as Old Harry’s Town, grew up along Cohas Brook, after John Goffe II built a dam and sawmill there. In 1727, the land was granted, as Tyngstown, to veterans of Queen Anne’s War who served under Captain William Tyng. However, when New Hampshire separated from Massachusetts in 1741, that grant was deemed invalid, and substituted with Wilton, Maine. Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth rechartered the town as Derryfield in 1751. The city was renamed Manchester in 1810, but a Manchester neighborhood has retained the name of Derryfield. Several significant people resided in Manchester, including New Hampshire’s 35th, 40th, 49th, 51st, 58th, and 62nd governors, along with several U.S. congressmen.


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