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New Castle is the smallest and easternmost town in New Hampshire, and the only one that is situated entirely on islands. New Castle is in Rockingham County, and is situated on an archipelago, comprised of a main island and several smaller islands within the Atlantic Ocean and the Piscataqua River. Settled in 1623, Great Island is the largest of its several islands. An earthwork defense was built on Fort Point, eventually becoming Fort William and Mary, which was rebuilt as Fort Constitution in 1808. New Castle was chartered in 1678 as a parish of Portsmouth, incorporating as a town in 1693. Fort William and Mary was the site of one of the first acts of the Revolutionary War, when colonists raided the fort on December 14, 1774, forcing British Captain John Cochran to surrender the fort. Gunpowder taken by colonists from the fort was used in the 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill. New Castle includes the Fort Constitution Historic Site, the Fort Stark Historic Site, and the New Castle Common, as well as a U.S. Coast Guard station.



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