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Orford is a small town in Grafton County, New Hampshire. The town was first known as Number Seven in a line of Connecticut River fort towns. Incorporated in 1761 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, the town was settled in 1765. One of the original grantees was General Israel Morey, whose son, Samuel Morey, discovered a means of separating hydrogen from oxygen in water, clearing the way for the first marine steam engine. In 1832, Washington Irving visited Oxford, and described it as being the most beautiful town he had ever seen. The Appalachian Trail passes through town and the Connecticut River, which serves the boundary between New Hampshire and Vermont, forms the western edge of the town. Orford has two population centers: the main village of Orford, which contains its schools and post office, is situated along NH Route 10, along the banks of the Connecticut River, while the town hall is located in the small village of Orfordville, on NH Route 25A, several miles east of the river. Meldrim Thomson, Jr., the 73rd governor of New Hampshire, was a resident of Orford.


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