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Incorporated as a township in 1813, Livingston was named for William Livingston, the first governor of New Jersey. The Essex County township’s history goes back to 1699, when a hundred and one Newark settlers wanted to move westward. They set up a committee to negotiate the purchase of the Horseneck Tract from the Lenape, an area which included the area that was to become Livingston as well as eight other municipalities to the north. Rather than obtaining a grant from the proprietors, the group obtained the deed directly from the Lenape, which led to disputes over the rights to the land, eventually leading to a riot against the British government, which lasted for ten years, with periodic battles taking place during the thirty-two years leading up to the Revolutionary War, when the group joined the Continental Army.



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