Aviva Directory » Faith & Spirituality » World Religions » Abrahamic Religions » Christianity » God - Trinity » God, the Son - Jesus Christ

Also known as Jesus of Nazareth, Jesus Christ was a Jewish preacher and religious leader who became the central figure in Christianity. Nearly all scholars agree that Jesus existed historically, that he was subsequently arrested and tried by the Jewish authorities, and executed by crucifixion on order of the Roman prefect, Pontius Pilate. Of that, there is little doubt. Most Christians believe Jesus Christ to be the awaited Messiah, the Son of God, and a part of the Trinity that includes God the Father, Jesus, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Christians believe that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born to Mary, a virgin, then went on to perform miracles, founding a church. They believe also, that He rose from the dead on the third day following His crucifixion, met with several of His disciples and was seen by other witnesses before ascending into Heaven. Most Christians believe that Jesus died to atone for the sins of those who will believe in Him, and that he will return one day to judge the living and the dead. The majority of Christian denominations today believe that Jesus is part of the Trinity, although a minority reject the doctrine as unscriptural. Islam considers Jesus to have been a prophet and the Messiah, but not the Son of God. Most Muslims do not believe that Jesus was executed, but that he was raised to heaven by God. Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus was the awaited Messiah, arguing that his resurrection was a Christian myth. As a child, Joseph and Mary probably referred to Jesus "Yeshua" or "Joshua," as "Jesus" was the Greek form of the Hebrew name. Although His was one of the more popular names for Hebrew boys at the time of His birth, His name was chosen by God and communicated to Mary at the time that she was told that she would be the mother "The Son of the Highest."



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