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Also displayed as Qur'an or Koran, the Quran is the primary religious text of Muslims, who revere it as the last message revealed by God to humankind, completing a chain of Revelations that goes back to the first Prophets, and includes the Jewish Torah, and the Christian gospels.

Muslims view the Quran as the word of God, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in Arabic, who is believed to be the last Prophet. The revelation was given to Muhammad over a period of twenty-three years, from 610 to 632 CE.

The Quran includes moral principles and values, rituals, stories of earlier prophecies, and the historical circumstances that the first Companions of the Prophet encountered in Mecca and Medina.

As the Quran was revealed to the Prophet in sequences over a period of several years, interpretation requires an understanding of the chronological order and historical events surrounding each section. Many verses can be understood only when the circumstances of their Revelation are known. The task of interpreting the Quran gave rise to a discipline known as the sciences of the Quran, which describes the morphology, semantics, chronology, and the relationships between the text to the historical circumstances of the revelation.

Like the Jewish Torah and the Christian Bible, the Quran can be understood at more than one level. At a spiritual level, any Muslim can appreciate the moral teachings and the accounts of past Prophets. However, when it comes to rules, rituals, obligations, and prohibitions, matters can become more complicated.

By tradition, Muhammad received the Revelations from God through the Archangel Gabriel and committed them to memory. The Archangel also instructed him as to the arrangement of the chapters and verses. The text of the Quran is not arranged in chronological order, and the historical context is not immediately obvious to the average Muslim. Over time, specialized scholars and jurists have developed methods of interpretation, categorization, and Quranic commentary.

The Quran is the primary scriptural source for all Muslims, and the text to which all Islamic denominations and sects refer to is identical to that which was compiled by and distributed by the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, less than twenty years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad.

From the start, the Quran had been memorized, made possible through the oral tradition of the Arab people of that time. Many of the Prophet's companions memorized the text and, even today, thousands of Muslim men and women are able to recite it from memory. Those who have memorized the entire Quran are called a hafiz.

Websites offering the text of the Quran, or translations of the text are featured in this category, along with those offering interpretation or other helpful resources related to the Quran.

 

 

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