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The Olympic Games are sporting events are in two parts, one of which take place in the winter and the other in the summer every four years in alternating four-year cycles. The Games of the Olympiad, known more commonly as the Summer Olympic Games, began in 1896 in Athens, Greece, with 245 athletes, 200 of them Greek, competing representing 14 countries. The 2012 Summer Olympics had more than 10,000 athletes representing more than 200 countries competing. Some of the events in the Games are boxing, archery, tennis, equestrian, cycling, and swimming. Brazil has been chosen to host the 2016 Summer Games, and Tokyo will host them in 2020. The Winter Olympic Games have been in existence since 1924, when they were held in Chamonix, France. The continuity of the Games was interrupted by World War II, and there was no Winter Olympics between 1936 and 1948. The original events in the Winter Olympics were ice hockey, ski jumping, speed skating, figure skating, alpine skiing, and cross-country skiing. In later years, curling, luge, and snowboarding were among the winter sports which were added. The Winter Games will be hosted by Sochi, Russia in 2014, and in Pyeongchang, South Korea in 2018.



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