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Fujairah City is the capital of the Emirate of Fujairah, and accounts for most of the land area of the emirate. Fujairah Emirate is the only one of the seven in the United Arab Emirates that has a coastline on the Gulf of Oman but not the Persian Gulf.

Fujairah is also the only emirate that is almost completely mountainous, the others consisting primarily of desert. Because of this, Fujairah enjoys higher rainfall, although temperatures are warm most of the year.

Fujairah was the last of the emirates to join the Trucial States in 1952, becoming one of the United Arab Emirates in 1971.

The Al Bidyah Mosque, located in the Fujairah village of Badiyah, is the oldest mosque in the United Arab Emirates, built in 1446. Built entirely of materials found in the area, largely stones and mud bricks, very little wood is used in the structure. The mosque is a tourist attraction, but continues to host daily prayers.

The economy of Fujairah is based largely on subsidies and grants from the federal government in Abu Dhabi. Most of the city and emirate's workforce is employed by the federal government. The Fujairah Emirate is a major shareholder in the National Bank of Fujairah, which is engaged in corporate and commercial banking, as well as personal banking services, and financing a variety of industries, such as oil, shipping, manufacturing, construction, education, healthcare, and service industries.

Foreigners are not permitted to own land in the Emirate of Fujairah, or in the city, and are prohibited from owning a majority share in any business, which limits foreign investments.

Industries in and around the city include cement works, stone crushing and mining, as well as construction. Fujairah is a port city, with daily shipping operations and peripheral industries, such as provisions, bunkers, repair services, and technical support.

Fujairah has established a free trade zone, patterned after the Dubai Free Zone Authority, centered around its port area.

The Emirate of Fujairah has recently announced a large-scale tourism project, including resorts, five-star villas, hotels, and attractions.

Headquartered in Fujairah City, Creative City is an alternative to Dubai Media City, aimed at attracting regional and international television and radio providers to the city, and providing a variety of media-related services.

There are several government-operated schools within the emirate, the majority of them located in Fujaira City, and serving Emirati students. There are also private international schools, the majority of them adhering to the Indian Board of Secondary Education, as the majority of the emirate's population are from the Indian subcontinent. Several private nursery and kindergarten schools cater to the children of expatriates.

Public transportation is limited within the city and emirate. There is one bus service offering transport from Fujairah to Dubai, as well as a number of government-operated taxis.

Like all of of the United Arab Emirates, the daily lives of residents of the city and emirate is dictated by the Islamic religion and traditional Arab culture. Muslims are called to prayer five times a day, announced through a network of mosques scattered throughout the city and emirate. As Friday is the Muslim holy day, weekends are Friday and Saturday rather than the Western norm of Saturday and Sunday. Alcohol is permitted only at a few designated hotels and bars that cater to non-Muslim foreigners. Public activities are generally segregated by sex.

Topics related to Fujairah City and the Emirate of Fujairah, which is headquartered in the city, are the focus of topics in this category. Appropriate topics include Fujairah-based government agencies, departments and services, as well as businesses, schools, religious institutions, news media, and organizations.

 

 

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