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Mormonism refers to the Latter Day Saint movement begun by Joseph Smith in the 1820s and 1830s, and often known as Mormons for the Book of Mormon, published by Smith.

Smith's followers became known as Mormons. After Smith was killed by a mob in 1844, most of his followers joined Brigham Young, forming the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, otherwise known as the LDS Church, which is still the largest of the Mormon sects.

Over the years, there have been several divisions, many of which did not survive. Most of the breakaway Mormon sects are quite small. The second-largest Mormon denomination was known as the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints until 2001, when it was renamed the Community of Christ.

Mormons share a common set of beliefs with the rest of the LDS movement, including the use of the Bible, as well as on other religious publications, such as the Doctrine and Covenants, the Book of Mormon, and the Pearl of Great Price.

First published in 1835, the Doctrine and Covenants was originally made up of two parts, a series of lectures on church doctrine, and a collection of revelations or covenants of the church. However, the LDS Church and the Community of Christ have removed the portion of the book on doctrine, leaving the covenants, most of which were written by Joseph Smith.

The Book of Mormon is considered sacred by most segments of the Mormon movement, which hold that it contains the writings of ancient prophets who resided on the American continent from 2200 BC to 421 AD. Mormon tradition is that the book was originally written in a language known as Reformed Egyptian, and engraved on golden plates.

According to Smith, the last prophet to contribute to the Book of Mormon was Moroni, who buried the plates in what is now New York. Moroni appeared to Smith as an angel in 1827, revealing the location of the plates, after which Smith translated it.

The Pearl of Great Price is a collection of articles written by Smith, discussing various aspects of the doctrine and teachings of the LDS Church. It is part of the canon of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and some of the other Mormon sects.

English-speaking Mormons use the Authorized King James Version of the Bible.

Mormons teach that God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are separate beings and that the Holy Spirit has only a spirit body. Mormonism also holds that God the Father is the literal father of the spirits of all men and women. The LDS Church also believes in a Heavenly Mother.

Children of God can become exalted, becoming co-heirs with Christ, inheriting all that God has including deity.

Mormonism holds that the original Christian doctrine has been corrupted and that it is the only true form of Christianity. They believe that God reestablished His Church through Joseph Smith. Angels such as James, John, John the Baptist, and Peter appeared to Joseph Smith. Other Christian religions have only a portion of the truth.

To Mormons, life on earth is a short part of eternal existence, its purpose being to learn to choose good over evil. Earth is only one of several inhabited worlds.

Mormons practice several ordinances, which may differ from one sect to another, including ordinances for salvation that may be performed on behalf of the deceased.

Mormons consider themselves to be within the category of Christianity, although Mormonism is considered a cult by many other Christian denominations.

The several divisions in Mormonism can be considered in three main movements. The largest, of course, is mainstream Mormonism, as characterized by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The others include Mormon fundamentalism and Mormon liberalism.

The LDS Church distances itself from the other Mormon branches, and is quick to excommunicate or discipline members who take positions outside of mainstream Mormonism, such as polygamy.

A characteristic that sets fundamental Mormonism apart from the mainstream is the practice of polygamy. Once a practice of the mainstream LDS Church, the larger body discontinued the practice in the early 1900s. Fundamentals teach that plural marriage is a requirement for exaltation, allowing them to live as gods and goddesses in the afterlife. Fundamentalists may also believe in other doctrines taught by Brigham Young in the 1800s, but which have been abandoned by the mainstream LDS body.

Liberalism has found its way into Mormonism as it has in the rest of Christianity, including LGBT-friendly denominations, and others that have rejected some of more of the teachings of Joseph Smith.

Websites representing any denomination with roots in Mormonism may be submitted to this category, as well those in opposition to Mormonism.

Categories

Church of Christ (Temple Lot)

Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite)

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite)

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Community of Christ

Fellowships of the Remnant

Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

Restoration Branches

 

 

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