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St. Peter Port, also called Saint-Pierre-Port, is a resort, parish, and the capital of Guernsey. It is a small town with steep, narrow streets and has been a bustling port since the early 13th century. Situated on the east coast of the island of Guernsey, it is full of history.

Castle Cornet, the historic fortress which guarded the entrance to the port, is about 600 meters east of the coast and has stood guard over the town. It was fortified as a castle between 1205 and 1255 after the Duchy of Normandy became a disputed territory after being conquered by King Philip II of France. Castle Cornet is open to the public and is part of a museum.

St. Peter's is the town church, and was mentioned in a charter written around 1050, though the exact age of the building is unknown.

Visitors love to wander in Candie Gardens, which was once the formal garden of a private home but are now open to the public. The Royal Court House, built in 1799, is the seat of the States of Guernsey.

Victor Hugo, who wrote "Les Misérables" and "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame," lived in St. Peter Port when he was in exile from 1855 to 1870. His home, Hauteville House, now belongs to France but is a museum open to all who wish to see it.

The gothic revival building Castle Carey was built for John Carey in 1840. It was used for numerous reasons, including the residence of the Lieutenant Governor of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, and it was sold in 1912. During World War II, the occupying Nazis used it as an officers' club.

Elizabeth College was founded in 1563 at the request of England's Queen Elizabeth I as an independent day school for boys. It is still in operation, though there are now co-eds allowed during the sixth form. Just before the German army began occupying the Islands in 1940, the school was evacuated, or "in exile," and the boys spent the next fie years in Derbyshire, England. It currently has approximately 500 boys between the ages of 11 and 18 enrolled there.


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