GoldGold may have been the first metal to be used by humans, probably in ceremony and for decoration.

The Latin word for gold, aurum means “shining dawn.”

An Egyptian king from 2600 bce described gold as “common as dust.”

Some historians believe that the exploration of the Americas was in part to confirm reports that native peoples had large amounts of gold.

75% of the gold ever extracted from the earth has been since 1910.

Estimates put all the gold ever extracted into a cube just 66 feet wide on each side.

Alchemy, or the archaic “science” which sought to turn ordinary objects into gold, was the forerunner of modern chemistry.

Most of the gold already mined is still in circulation.

Large deposits of gold were discovered during the 19th Century, which resulted in gold rushes to Klondike, California, Colorado, and Australia.